alarm-ringing ambulance angle2 archive arrow-down arrow-left arrow-right arrow-up at-sign baby baby2 bag binoculars book-open book2 bookmark2 bubble calendar-check calendar-empty camera2 cart chart-growth check chevron-down chevron-left chevron-right chevron-up circle-minus circle city clapboard-play clipboard-empty clipboard-text clock clock2 cloud-download cloud-windy cloud clubs cog cross crown cube youtube diamond4 diamonds drop-crossed drop2 earth ellipsis envelope-open envelope exclamation eye-dropper eye facebook file-empty fire flag2 flare foursquare gift glasses google graph hammer-wrench heart-pulse heart home instagram joystick lamp layers lifebuoy link linkedin list lock magic-wand map-marker map medal-empty menu microscope minus moon mustache-glasses paper-plane paperclip papers pen pencil pie-chart pinterest plus-circle plus power pushpin question rain reading receipt recycle reminder sad shield-check smartphone smile soccer spades speed-medium spotlights star-empty star-half star store sun-glasses sun tag telephone thumbs-down thumbs-up tree tumblr twitter user users wheelchair write yelp youtube

Cataracts & Cataract Surgery

A cataract is a common condition that occurs when the natural lens of the eye becomes cloudy.

Cataracts may cause blurry vision, create halos around lights, and make seeing at night difficult. They can also make colors appear dull and cause frequent changes in glasses prescriptions.

The most common cause of cataract is aging, but they can occur in children and young adults. Certain health conditions and medications can accelerate the clouding of the lens. Cataracts may take months or years to progress to a point where the vision is adversely affected.

How to diagnose cataracts

The only way to diagnose cataracts is through a comprehensive eye examination performed by an optometrist or ophthalmologist. This examination will consist of checking visual acuity, performing a refraction for glasses and examining the health of the eye through dilation and/or retinal photography.

If cataracts are found during the examination, the severity and impairment of visual function will be assessed. Together, our doctors will work with you to determine if cataracts are adversely affecting your vision and need to be surgically removed.

Cataract Surgery

Currently, the only way to treat cataracts is to remove the cloudy lens and replace it with a clear, artificial intraocular lens (“IOL”). Cataract surgery is a minimally invasive, outpatient procedure and is usually performed in less than ten minutes. It is one of the most commonly performed surgeries today.

The first step to cataract surgery is to dilate and numb the eye. Some patients will also receive medicine to help them relax, but all patients remain awake during cataract surgery. Next, a very small incision will be made either by a blade or a laser. The surgeon will then break up the cataract into tiny fragments and remove them. After all the lens fragments are removed, a foldable IOL will be inserted. The IOL will usually restore vision to what it was prior to the cataract surgery and once it is placed, the surgery is finished. Stitches are not needed due to the self-sealing nature of the incision, but a shield is usually placed over the eye at night. Patients will be monitored closely following surgery and have a follow up appointment the next day. Also, drops will be used prior to and after surgery to reduce the risk of infection and inflammation.